The Creek Freedmen Forum

"Every Muscogee citizen, whether his skin is red, white or black, has equal rights and privileges in this (Creek) Nation. Even the most abject, poor and ignorant is entitled to equal consideration with the most distinguished, rich and learned at the hands of our officers." Isparhecher

The Creek Freedmen Forum
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Final Dawes Rolls and Census Cards

If your ancestor is not found on the final Dawes rolls, you have no connection to the five civilized tribes. If you do find your ancestor listed (e.g., freedmen), get the census card and on the back just because it may say under "Father's Owner", Chick Ind, Choctaw Ind, etc., does NOT mean that the father was an Indian and only that the owner's name was omitted.